Society Crisis - Food Distribution
Unequal Food Distribution in the Society
The society is full of undistributed resources especially between the developed and developing countries. According to Barrett, the United Nations World Food Program (UNWFP) produced a report which showed that the food present in the world can feed the whole society (2103). However, while the Western society gets over-nourished as time goes, with increasing cases of obesity and overweight people, more than 800 million people go without food. The hungriest countries are concentrated in the developing world with China and India taking the lead, and the rest are in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. This indifference is on the rise yet globalization should be making the world equal. In order to come up with a solution to address this problem, this paper will first discuss the causes of hunger in some parts of the society.
Most of the third world countries are suffering from poverty. According to Lawrence et al., most of the developing countries cannot afford food with the set prices by the western industrialized countries (22). The farmers in these countries are also incapable of purchasing the farm inputs like fertilizers, seeds, pesticides, and machinery which are necessary to increase the production. Majority of these farmers live in the rural areas where they grow food and few cash crops in unproductive land with little water (Lawrence et al., 23). They lack the modern farming equipment and fertilizers. This is accompanied with the difference in hard currency which makes it hard to pay for the inputs needed. The western countries also subsidize tax and costs on their farmers which enable them to keep low prices of produce; the third world countries, therefore, remain incompetent in the world market. If there was equality in access to inputs and machinery, the situation would have been different.
The existing economic policies such as trade barriers also bar equal productivity across the society. In the developing world, most governments have not put subsidies on the key farming inputs and food resources; these discourage many people to indulge in food production activities (Barrett 2104). There are also few economic policies that offer alternative economic activities that can support food productions. For instance, in Nigeria, production activities such as bee keeping, fish farming, and drought resistant crop farming are not promoted by the country; this has increased the number of malnourishment by 1.5 million people (Barrett 2104). Trade barriers to imports are also common in developing countries; these costs more than the food received through aid. It has been estimated that if a food aid costs $100 billion, then trade barriers result to a loss of $200 billion.
The difference in advancement of technology also makes the society become unevenly distributed in terms of resources. The Western countries are currently industrialized and use high fossil fuels input for production. Most of the large tract of land has been converted to agricultural land. This is also favored by the low population in these countries (Lawrence et al., 25). The developing countries, however, are practicing subsistence farming due to lack of technology as well as the great population that occupy the vast lands available. Third world countries are also exposed to the changing climate; a situation that developed countries can control through the use of greenhouses and housed farming. In addition to this, the developed nations such as Europe have human-made ecosystem that support many farm species; however, with the high dependence on natural habitats by the developing nations, less farming practices can be conducted.
Hunger is also promoted by the escalating civil wars in developing countries. War has been witnessed in many countries including Nigeria, Middle East, and other Islamic states (Barrett 2121). Lack of peace in a nation affects the normal activities such as farming, education, and employment. Some countries also indulge in war because of the natural resources they have. Iran has been known to be a state of oil; however, they political forces fight over the resources and this disrupts other important economic practices. Instead of creating opportunity for national income, such countries end up in poverty because war. Terror groups have also invaded many nations, but the most affected in the developing countries. Al Shabaab has attacked Somali and Kenya in many instances; in this case instead of a country investing in food production, a lot of finances are diverted to offer security. War can, therefore, increase poverty and hunger in countries.
The rising corruption has also increased the unequal distribution of food in the world. Corruption is directly related to hunger; as officials of a country get side-pays to make policies that favor a few, the poor farmers remain affected (Lawrence et al., 27). At a national level, distribution of farm inputs may be done unjustly, with some counties or communities getting them for free while others are made to pay; this can result to undistributed farming hence increased poverty. Most politicians also make policies that are unfavorable to the nation; these policies usually benefit a few people in the society, such corruption activity can increase level of hunger among the poor as the rich continue to grow. There is high corruption levels in the developing countries compared to developed nations; this has resulted to increasing poverty in the developing nations.
The best measure to be taken in solving the undistributed food production in the society is the adoption of the Genetically Modified Foods (GMOs). According to Barrett, these engineered foods have allowed farmers and producers to use resistant and stronger pants and animals that increase production yield (2140). Developed nations have embraced this form of technology and have increased their food production over the years. While the developing nations still debate on whether these foods are acceptable or not, the developed nations are already using them and none of the effects have been seen to be harmful. If all countries could embrace these engineered foods, the level of un-distribution of food will reduce.
GMOs have various benefits. The crops and animals are always drought resistant and have more nutritional value. Lawrence et al., given an example of GM crop that has been embraced in India, the Bt cotton (29). This crop has showed an improvement in yield as well as reduced use of pesticide and fertilizers. The Indian farmers have also improved their production and economic earning through this crop. Other GMOs include engineered chicken, cows, pigs, and rabbits that are edible in the United States. GMOs are also known to be disease resistant, and they take shorter time to grow compared to the indigenous crops and animals. The developing countries should, therefore, embrace the crops and animals to eradicate hunger and poverty.
Barrett, Christopher B. "Food security and food assistance programs." Handbook of agricultural economics 2 (2002): 2103-2190. Print.
Lawrence, Geoffrey, Geoffrey Lawrence, Kristen Lyons, and Tabatha Wallington.. Food security, nutrition and sustainability. Earthscan, 2013. Print.